The distinctions between data privacy and data security are fundamental to understanding how one complements the other.
Data privacy is the interplay between the collection and dissemination of data, technology, public expectation of privacy and the legal and political issues surrounding them. Data privacy considerations arise wherever personal data is collected, stored, used, and/or deleted/destroyed.
Data security is about protecting data against unauthorised access, corruption or theft throughout the data’s entire lifecycle. An organisation cannot have privacy without security.
Privacy legislation, such as the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), is often referred to as data protection legislation because the primary goal is to set expectations around the collection, use, access and security of personal data – as well as the rights individuals have with respect to their personal data. These laws and regulations aim to protect individuals from lapses in security which would result in improper use of their personal data.
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